Published on August 26, 2021, Updated on July 27, 2022

The most common causes of jaw bone degeneration and loss that may necessitate a bone grafting operation are as follows:

Extractions of teeth

When an adult tooth is extracted and not replaced, the jaw bone may deteriorate. Natural teeth are anchored in the jaw bone and provide stimulation to it through chewing and biting. When teeth are missing, the alveolar bone, or the section of the jaw bone that secures the teeth in the mouth, is no longer stimulated and begins to resorb, or break down. The jaw bone deteriorates and disappears because the body no longer uses or “needs” it.

Individuals differ substantially in terms of the rate at which their bones disintegrate and the quantity of bone loss they experience. However, the majority of your hair will fall out within the first eighteen months of your extraction and will continue to fall out progressively throughout your life. Visit Oral Health Center.

Periodontal disease is a condition that affects the teeth and gum

Periodontal disorders are chronic gum infections that erode the support for your natural teeth over time. Periodontal disease affects the alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, cementum, and gingiva, among other periodontal tissues. While there are various diseases that impact the tooth-supporting tissues, plaque-induced inflammatory lesions, which are split into two categories: gingivitis and periodontitis, account for the bulk of periodontal disorders. Gingivitis, the milder of the two disorders, may or may not proceed to periodontitis, but it invariably comes before periodontitis.

Gingivitis is caused mostly by dental plaque in people who are genetically predisposed to it. Plaque is a sticky, white film that forms on your teeth at and below the gum line and is made up largely of food particles and germs. Even minutes after a cleaning, plaque builds on your teeth. Plaque bacteria create toxins, or poisons, which irritate the gums. Inflamed, red, swollen, and bleeding gums are common. If the discomfort continues, the gums will pull away from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces). Plaque can solidify into a tough, porous substance known as calculus if daily brushing and flossing are neglected (or tartar). Both above and below the gum line, this might happen.

Bacteria that attach to the tooth’s surface, as well as an overly aggressive immune response to these bacteria, cause periodontitis. When gingivitis turns into periodontitis, the gum tissue and bone that keep teeth in place degrade. The gradual weakening of this bone, the alveolar, can result in tooth loosening and eventual tooth loss.

Bridgework for dentures

Dentures that aren’t anchored are placed on top of the gum line, but they don’t provide any direct stimulation to the alveolar bone beneath. The absence of stimulation leads the bone to resorb and degrade over time. Because this form of denture relies on the bone to keep it in place, users frequently experience denture loosening and difficulty eating and speaking. Bone loss may progress to the point that dentures may no longer be held in place with powerful adhesives, necessitating the purchase of a new set of dentures. Maintaining dental health requires proper denture care, repair, and refitting.

Anchors are used to support some dentures, which help to effectively stimulate and retain bone.

The teeth on each side of the appliance stimulate the bone enough with bridgework, but the piece of the bridge that spans the gap where the teeth are absent receives no direct stimulation. This area is prone to bone loss.

Dr. Banga was able to restore bone function and growth after completing a bone graft treatment, preventing the effects of inadequate denture care.

Trauma to the Face

Bone stimulation ends when a tooth is knocked out or fractured to the point that no biting surface is left below the gum line, resulting in jaw bone loss. Teeth knocked out in an accident or injury, jaw fractures, or teeth with a history of trauma that may die and lead to bone loss years after the initial trauma are all examples of tooth and jaw trauma.

To reverse the consequences of bone degradation, restore function, and promote new bone formation in traumatized areas, a bone grafting treatment would be required.


Misalignment problems can lead to a condition in which some teeth lose their opposing tooth structure. Unopposed teeth can over-erupt, causing the underlying bone to deteriorate.

TMJ problems, regular wear-and-tear, and a lack of therapy can all result in abnormal physical pressures that make it difficult for the teeth to grind and chew effectively. Bone degeneration occurs when the bone loses stimulation over time.


Osteomyelitis is a bacterial illness that affects the jawbone and bone marrow. Inflammation occurs as a result of the infection, which can result in a reduction in blood flow to the bone. Antibiotics and the excision of the afflicted bone are usually required for osteomyelitis treatment. To restore bone function and growth lost during removal, a bone graft treatment may be required.


Though benign facial tumors are rarely life-threatening, they can grow large enough to necessitate the removal of a part of the jaw. Malignant mouth tumors nearly invariably spread into the jaw, necessitating jaw surgery to remove the afflicted area. Reconstructive bone grafting is frequently required in both cases to help restore normal jaw function. Grafting in individuals with malignant tumors may be more difficult because cancer treatment usually necessitates the removal of the surrounding soft tissues as well.

Deformities in Development

Parts of the teeth, facial bones, jaw, or skull are missing in some illnesses or disorders. Dr. Banga may be able to restore bone function and growth where it has been lost through a bone graft treatment.

Deficiencies of the Sinus

When molars are removed from the upper jaw, air pressure from the maxilla’s air cavity (maxillary sinus) induces resorption of the bone that previously supported the teeth. The sinuses swell as a result, a disease known as hyperpneumatized sinus.

This problem normally develops over time and can lead to inadequate bone when dental implants are placed. Dr. Banga can treat swollen sinuses with a technique called a “sinus lift.”